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How to Repel Raccoons

If you want to keep raccoons out of your yard, you'll have to develop an effective repelling plan. On this page, Havahart® offers step-by-step instructions teaching you how to repel raccoons and how to keep them out of your yard.

1 Identify Areas of Damage


Knowing where your raccoon is spending most of its time and identifying the damage will help you determine which type of repellent(s) you will need.

Common raccoon activities include:

  • invading your attic
  • eating your veggies
  • stealing fish from your pond
  • living underneath your porch
  • raiding your trash cans
  • attacking your bird feeders

2 Choose the Right Raccoon Repellent

Based on areas the raccoons are frequenting, you can use the below information to determine whether a liquid, granular or electronic solution is best for you. It’s important to note that the more repelling methods you employ, the more likely you will have long-term success at keeping raccoons off your property.

Liquid Spray Repellents

Best For: Surface protection against raccoons for the following areas:

liquid spray repellent
  • garbage cans
  • hard surfaces
  • trash bags
  • plants
  • bird feeders
  • flowers
  • roofing/gutters
  • trees

TIP: Most liquids are for outdoor use only, and are only effective when sprayed in temperatures above 40° F. Reapplication is important, especially after heavy rainfall or new plant growth.

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Granular Repellents

Best For: Perimeter protection from raccoons to create a barrier around particular areas, such as:

Animal repellents
  • gardens
  • raccoon dens
  • flower beds
  • pathways
  • sheds
  • attics
  • barns
  • crawl spaces

TIP: Granules work best when flat surfaces are available. They can be effective in any climate, and can be used indoors. Granules tend to last longer than liquids, however reapplication is still necessary after heavy rainfall.

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Electronic Repellents

Best For: Frightening raccoons with bursts of water and conditioning them to stay away from virtually any area. Electronics are ideal for:

Electronic repellents
  • vegetable gardens
  • plants
  • mulch beds
  • pathways
  • flowerbeds
  • pool areas
  • yards/lawns
  • structures
  • koi ponds
  • property entryways
  • garbage cans
  • trees

TIP: Electronic repellents require very little maintenance, are eco-friendly and tend to have higher effectiveness against raccoons versus traditional liquid or granular repellents.

Shop Electronic Repellents »

3 Apply as Directed


Unlike other householdproducts whose functionality doesn’t necessarily require careful following of every instruction, animal repellents require the user to fully understand the application details in order for them to be effective. Below are critical directions to remember when using repellents:

  • Reapplication is critical to maintain full repellency. TIP: Keep a calendar to maintain a regular schedule.
  • Shake liquids well before use to ensure proper dispersal of active ingredients.
  • Spray leaves until runoff occurs. TIP: Hose-end spray repellents are best for large applications.
  • Location is key when setting up electronic repellents - both the sensor and sprinkler should be pointed in the direction animals are approaching.

4 Remove Attractants

trash can

Repelling raccoons is more difficult if you don’t remove attractants such as food, water, and shelter. Take extra steps to keep raccoons out of your home and away from your property. Some of these steps might include:

  • removing water sources
  • removing trash
  • washing garbage cans
  • closing gate/fence gaps
  • fixing broken vents/screens
  • cleaning up birdseed/pet food

Expert Tips

  • The best raccoon repellents repel by targeting multiple senses, like scent and taste.
  • Be patient. Raccoons are persistent creatures, so it may take a few weeks before they learn to associate a repellent with your yard.
  • The more raccoon control products you use against raccoons, the better your defense.
  • Leaving food and water around can attract wildlife. Be sure to keep areas around your house clean and free of attractants.
  • Periodically wash your trash bins to minimize scents that may attract raccoons.

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