How to Deter Muskrats and Muskrat Baiting Tips

Using Anise for Muskrat Bait and other Unusual Techniques

Way back in the 1970s, there was a popular song called “Muskrat Love” which depicted these creatures as charming and lovable. But if you’ve been dealing with a muskrat problem on your property, “love” is probably not the first word that comes to mind.

Living predominantly in marshlands, muskrats mainly pose a threat to the structural damage of ponds, waterways and dams. These rabbit-sized rodents like to create extensive burrow systems in the ground adjacent to the water with an underwater entrance. A muskrat’s partially webbed hind feet, small hand-like front feet and laterally compressed tail make them very good swimmers. You could say that muskrats are the “Michael Phelps of the rodent world,” with the ability to swim at speeds up to three miles per hour and remain submerged for up to 15 minutes.

Successful Trapping Means Using the Best Muskrat Bait

Do you know how to trap a muskrat? The first step is to check with local and state wildlife agencies to stay on the good side of your friendly neighborhood game warden or other wildlife enforcement officer. You also want to be sure trapping does not occur during breeding season so that you don’t leave a baby muskrat without its mama. Of course, you need to select a trap that captures muskrats effectively and humanely, such as the Havahart® Medium 2-Door Trap.

Using fruits vegetables, or even anise for muskrat bait

Placement of the trap is crucial; it should be situated just outside the burrow, partially in the water, but with enough area exposed so the muskrat can breathe. (Remember: they can only hold their breath underwater for 15 minutes!) The best bait for muskrats are fresh vegetables, parsnips, carrots, or sweet apples. You can also use oil of anise for muskrat bait, or the musk from another muskrat.

Muskrat Repellent Tips

To prevent future damage of your pond, and repel them from making homes on your property, take measures to make the muskrats’ burrows inhospitable. During the early winter, draw down pond water to at least two feet below normal levels. Then fill the muskrats’ dens and burrows with heavy rock. Any remaining muskrats can be trapped using the above method. Muskrats may also leave the water and do damage to your garden. In this case, try fencing techniques using hardware cloth.

By learning how to deter a muskrat or to trap them successfully using unusual items like anise for muskrat bait, who knows—you might even come to love them!

Image: benimoto 

Suggested Solutions


  • Havahart®

    Hi Valerie,

    Sorry to hear about your muskrat problem! The raccoon trap would most likely work for the muskrats, and relocating them is probably your best option in this situation as they have gotten used to having a good food source there. You could try coyote urine as it has been known to work to repel them, but if they really need the eggs and birds, it may not work 100%.


    Your Friends at Havahart®

    • 8:51 am - June 6, 2012

    • Reply
  • Jim Henry

    Will cayenne pepper deter muskrats.

    • 8:39 pm - July 18, 2012

    • Reply
    • Havahart®

      Hi Jim,

      Yes, cayenne pepper, coyote urine, and garlic pepper have been known to deter muskrats. Good luck!

      Your Friends at Havahart®

      • 8:26 am - July 19, 2012

      • Reply
  • roman kuzma

    I have used apples, carrots, lettuce and fresh corn cob in your live traps..but no luck in 10 days.
    I place them near their holes in the pond banks as recommended.
    I placed on trap on a float.. no luck.
    Question: If the natural grasses and cattails more appealing then my offerings?


    • 11:13 am - April 25, 2014

    • Reply
    • Havahart®

      Hi Roman! Have the muskrats been taking the bait at all? Another way to try to trap an animal is to use step trapping, which involves presenting food over a period of nights. The first night, place the food outside of the trap; the second, at the entrance; the third, inside the trap without setting it. Camouflage the trap with leaves, sticks or pine straw bales. Please let us know if you have any other questions or feel free to give us a call at 855-5-HAVAHART!

      • 8:58 am - April 28, 2014

      • Reply
  • Willhoskins

    How to get read of muscat out of the barn

    • 8:51 pm - June 1, 2016

    • Reply

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